Identify your skin type

In order to adopt a proper skin-care regimen, it is important to first identify your skin type. The kind of skin you have is determined by genetics, hormonal fluctuations, stress levels, diet, the skin-care products you use, and so forth. Your skin type can even change from season to season, and with age.

Skin types fall into five broad categories — normal, oily, dry, sensitive, and combination. It is fairly easy to figure out what kind of skin you have. Take a face tissue or blotting paper and gently pat different areas of your face with it first thing in the morning. Hold the sheet up to the light to determine how much oil is visible. If the tissue shows little to no oil, you have dry skin. If the tissue reveals oil from the forehead and nose areas, your skin is normal/combination. If the tissue is full of oil, then you have oily skin.

Here’s more about each skin type.

  • Oily Skin

People with oily skin have a greasy sheen, especially on the T-zone and the cheeks. If you have oily skin, you will have enlarged pores, blackheads and breakouts because of excess production of oil by your sebaceous glands. If you are stressed, or have hormonal fluctuations, or are exposed to humid conditions, your oiliness can increase. On the positive side, oily skin is less prone to wrinkling and ageing as compared to dry skin.

  • Dry Skin

If you have dry skin, your face will often look flaky and patchy. It can feel tight from time to time, especially after washing your face. Besides, it could look pale and dull from time to time. You will often find fine lines, wrinkles and red patches on your face. If your skin is extremely dry, your face can become rough and itchy, and even start peeling.

  • Combination skin

This is a very common skin type. People with combination skin generally have an oily T-zone, accompanied by dry patches on the cheeks and the under-eye area.

  • Sensitive skin

People with this skin type have the most problematic and delicate skin. Sensitive skin can become very dry and tight, and is prone to redness and inflammation. If you have this type of skin, you will need a lot of care and well-thought-out skin-care regimen.

  • Normal skin

This is the least problematic skin type. If you have normal skin, your face will look radiant and you won’t be much troubled by blackheads and breakouts. Normal skin does not need too much care. Don’t offload too many products on your face, as you don’t need them.


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